Beaver Canadian National Animal
Canadian National Animal
Canada’s national mammal, the North American Beaver (Castor canadensis) is prepared for the job.
Dressed up in a slick fur coat, this furry creature is amply armed for a night out after a day of damming up the local slough or felling wetland poplars. Anywhere in Canada that has water from sea to sea to sea and all of the wetlands in between are beaver chomping grounds. With a lot of territory to cover under diverse conditions it needs more than a thick skin to represent nationally.
You may not know our soft coated mascot beyond the destructive nature of the North American Beaver:
They have Eurasian relatives and introduced South American ones.
Their kids, called “kits” hang around for two years picking up survival tips from their sage parents. They mate for life. Everyone likes a steady soul.
They can be destructive with tree kills but they supplement with cattails and other water vegetation necessary for wetlands.
Dams are predator protection. Who are they trying to keep away from? Wolves, bears and coyotes primarily.
What self respecting national mammal doesn’t like the publicity of world fame. The world’s largest beaver dam is in Wood Buffalo National Park. It is twice the width of Hoover Dam.
They were nearly extirpated during the fur trade era. It seems it was not just the beaver who liked their cozy fur to cuddle up in. Before that they lived form the arctic to Mexico.
They are smart architects. Dam building requires planning and unique adaptations such as paddles.
Beaver trade is intricately woven into the history and colonization of North America. So as this Canada 150 anniversary rolls along, be sure to salute our national mammal, busying itself in the wetlands and streams and the occasionally park, steadfast and progressive, forging into the future together. We are a better nation because of it.
Occasionally beaver flex their power (see wedding article below).
For more on Canadian wildlife and the North American Beaver, see also: